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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

Print version ISSN 1679-4974On-line version ISSN 2237-9622


BARCELLOS, Christovam et al. Climatic and environmental changes and their effect on infectious diseases: scenarios and uncertainties for Brazil. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2009, vol.18, n.3, pp.285-304. ISSN 1679-4974.

Global climate and environmental change has been aggravating along the last decades but only circulated by the media over the recent years. This process poses a challenge to society and government on the causes and the role of environmental change on health conditions. This work aims to evaluate scenarios of climatic and environmental changes and their uncertainties for Brazil. The work also identifies resources that can be mobilized to develop a network for diagnosis, modeling, analysis and intervention on the results of these changes on health conditions. The main groups of diseases that may be affected by these changes are water related, vector-borne and respiratory diseases. However, the risks associated with global climate change can not be assessed separately from other processes such as globalization, environmental changes and instability of governmental systems. The health sector, must not only prevent these risks, but be active to reduce social vulnerability.

Keywords : global changes; environmental health surveillance; epidemiological surveillance; predictive models.

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