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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

versión impresa ISSN 1679-4974versión On-line ISSN 2237-9622


BARRETO, Sandhi Maria et al. Analysis of the global strategy on diet, physical activity and health of the World Health Organization. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2005, vol.14, n.1, pp.41-68. ISSN 1679-4974.

The current document analyzes the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health of the World Health Organization (GS/WHO), and is a response to the Brazilian Ministry of Health Directive nº 596/GM, of 8th April 2004. The criteria proposed by the WHO Report 916 were adopted to analyze the scientific evidence supporting each recommendation made by the GS/WHO, which are categorized based on a classification system of: convincing, probable, possible, and insufficient. The technical group analyzed the published evidence supporting GS/WHO recommendations and classified them by consensus, as proposed by WHO Report 916 criteria. Projections for the next decades point to an epidemic of non-transmissible diseases - particularly cardiovascular diseases, cancer and type 2 diabetes - in most developing countries. The dietary transition, due to the observed increases in obesity, is one of the most important reasons for this tendency. Recomendations by GS/WHO are based on convincing scientific evidence and create opportunities for health promotion, and for preventing of obesity and non-communicable diseases in the country and worldwilde. The GS/WHO is part of a greater effort to realize the benefits of diet, physical activity and public health.

Palabras clave : diet; obesity; physical activity; chronic diseases.

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