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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

versão impressa ISSN 1679-4974versão On-line ISSN 2337-9622

Resumo

CARVALHO, Denise Bomtempo Birche de et al. Case study of the formulation of the National Policy of Diet and Nutrition in Brazil. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2011, vol.20, n.4, pp.449-458. ISSN 1679-4974.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742011000400004.

OBJECTIVE: analyze the process of the formulation of the 'National Policy of Diet and Nutrition in Brazil (NPDN)' in the field of public actions turned to health protection andpromotion. METHODOLOGY: multicentric qualitative case study, based on the periodfrom 1998 to 2005; sixteen semi-structured interviews with key government and civil society actors were performed and different secondary information sources analyzed for reconstruction of process and mobility of the actors, and their motivation; for the analysis and construction of NPDN, a matrix with 5 categories was used - context, ideas, institutions, interest, andpolicy instruments. RESULTS: NPDN was formulated in a participatory manner involving several government sectors and organized society; the publication of the NPDN in 1999 revealed its political-institutional guidelines: stimulus to intersectoral actions, in view of universal access to food; assurance of the safety and quality of food and services rendered; monitoring of the diet and nutrition of the country; promotion of healthy diet practices and life styles; prevention and conrol of nutrition disorders and diseases related to diet and nutrition; development promotion of lines of investigation; human resource developing and training. CONCLUSION: the process of formulation of the 'National Policy of Diet and Nutrition' is a solid learning way, supported by the search democratic perfecting, with an important citizen participation and discussion with civil society.

Palavras-chave : nutrition surveillance; food and nutrition assurance; obesity; health policy.

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