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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

versão impressa ISSN 1679-4974versão On-line ISSN 2337-9622

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DOLDAN, Roberto Valiente; COSTA, Juvenal Soares Dias da  e  NUNES, Marcelo Felipe. Associated factors and infant mortality in the Municipality of Foz do Iguaçu, State of Paraná, Brazil - a case control study. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2011, vol.20, n.4, pp.491-498. ISSN 1679-4974.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742011000400008.

OBJECTIVE: to identify factors related to infant mortality in Foz do Iguagu, State of Paraná, Brazil. METHODOLOGY: a case-control study was conducted using secondary data obtainedfrom Brazil's Live Birth Information System and Mortality Information System; the study cases were children who died in 2007 before reaching one year; for each case, the authors defined as controls two children born of the same sex, in the same hospital, and still alive; multivariate analysis was performed with logistic regression. RESULTS: there were 69 cases and 138 controls; gestational age less than 37 weeks, low birth weight, children with congenital anomalies and Apgar score less than 7 at five minutes were considered risk factors, with odds ratios of 5.96 (CI95%: 1.35-26.4), 4.32 (CI95%: 1.14-16.4), 7.87 (CI95%: 2.0-30.9) e 4.44 (CI95%: 1.21-16.2), respectively. CONCLUSION: excluding congenital anomalies, the risk factorsfor infant mortality identified in Foz do Iguagu are related to the supply and quality of health services, especially in its neonatal component.

Palavras-chave : infant mortality; risk factors; perinatal mortality; case-control studies; prematurity; congenital anomalies.

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