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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

versão impressa ISSN 1679-4974versão On-line ISSN 2337-9622

Resumo

SOUSA-GOMES, Marcia Leite de et al. Co-infection Leishmanial/HIV in Brazil: epidemiological, clinical and laboratorial aspects. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2011, vol.20, n.4, pp.519-526. ISSN 1679-4974.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742011000400011.

OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and laboratorial cases of Visceral Leishmaniases (VL) coinfected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Brazil in 2007 and 2008. METHODOLOGY: it was conducted a descriptive study of cases of VL coinfected with HIV, reported in the Reportable Diseases Information System (RDIS). It was considered demographic, epidemiological, clinical, laboratorial variables and clinical evolution. RESULTS: among 7556 cases of VL, 3.7% were coinfected with HIV The males represented 78.1% and the average age was 34.7 years. The cases were distributed into four regions of the country. The most prevalent clinical manifestations were fever, weight loss, splenomegaly and hepatomegaly. CONCLUSION: the characteristics of coinfected Leishmania/HIV patients are not different from those only infected with VL, with the exception of the lethality (9.7%). It is necessary to integrate the surveillance ofleishmaniasis and AIDS and improve the monitoring of coinfection leishmaniasis/HIV/AIDS.

Palavras-chave : visceral leishmaniasis; HIV; co-infection.

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