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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

versão impressa ISSN 1679-4974versão On-line ISSN 2337-9622

Resumo

SOUZA, Regina Kazue Tanno de et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in people aged 40 years or more from the city of Cambé, PR, Brazil (2011): a population-based study. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2013, vol.22, n.3, pp.435-444. ISSN 1679-4974.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742013000300008.

OBJECTIVE: to estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors by sex and socioeconomic status. METHODS: cross-sectional population-based representative sample of people aged 40 or older, living in Cambé-PR. Household interviews were conducted, collecting anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests in the first half of 2011. Prevalence, prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. RESULTS: 1,180 people were interviewed. Most prevalent risk factors were physical inactivity during leisure (71.4%), overweight/obesity (68.3%), hypertension (55.9%) and low consumption of fruit (54.3%) and vegetables (35.5%). Overweight/obesity prevalence was lower among men compared to women (PR 0.82,95% CI 0.73-0.92). Physical inactivity during leisure, as well as low fruit and vegetable consumption were more prevalent among men and women of lower socioeconomic classes. CONCLUSION: high cardiovascular disease risk factor prevalence was found, especially among individuals from lower socioeconomic classes.

Palavras-chave : Cardiovascular Diseases; Risk Factors; Health Surveys; Prevalence; Epidemiological Surveillance.

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