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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

versión impresa ISSN 1679-4974versión On-line ISSN 2237-9622


COSTA, Maria Cecília; BRITO, Luciara Leite  y  LESSA, Ines. Dietary practices associated with low cardiometabolic risk in obese women attending Brazilian Public Health System outpatient referral services, Bahia, Brazil, 2006: a case-control study. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2014, vol.23, n.1, pp.67-78. ISSN 1679-4974.

OBJECTIVE: analyze the association between dietary practices (DPr) with greater preventive action and low cardiometabolic risk (CMS) in obese women. METHODS: a case-control-study, matched by age, of 306 (66 cases), non-hypertensive, normolipidemic and non-diabetic obese women, conducted in public health outpatient services. Anthropometric, laboratory, blood pressure and usual diet data were obtained. DPr were defined using an index (DPrI) based on the adapted food pyramid. RESULTS: low CMS was significantly associated with a diet having greater preventive action, in obese women of higher socioeconomic status, and also with daily frequency of fruit (≥3) and leguminous vegetables (≥2) consumption, as well as non-consumption of saturated fat. CONCLUSION: it is suggested that an increase in the intake of fruit, leguminous vegetables and other greens and a reduction in fat consumption may have some impact on cardiometabolic risk factors among obese women.

Palabras clave : Food Habits; Obesity; Diabetes Mellitus; Cardiovascular Diseases; Case-Control Studies.

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