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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

versão impressa ISSN 1679-4974versão On-line ISSN 2337-9622

Resumo

RIBEIRO, Igor Gonçalves et al. Microcephaly in Piauí, Brazil: descriptive study during the Zika virus epidemic, 2015-2016. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.1, e20163692.  Epub 11-Jan-2018. ISSN 1679-4974.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/s1679-49742018000100002.

OBJECTIVE:

to describe the occurrence and characteristics of microcephaly cases in Piauí, Brazil, during an epidemic of Zika virus infection in 2015-2016.

METHODS:

descriptive study using data of live births from January/2015 to January/2016, obtained from the Information System on Live Births (Sinasc), the Public Health Events Registry (RESP) and the active search for medical records; mothers and live births were tested for dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, besides syphilis, toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, and herpes (STORCH).

RESULTS:

of the 75 microcephaly cases, 34 were related to congenital infectious process; microcephaly prevalence was of 13.6/10 thousand live births; imaging exams confirmed that 34 live births presented calcifications, 23 had cerebral atrophies, 14 had lissencephaly, 12 had ventriculomegaly and 6 had dysgenesis; none tested positive for STORCH, dengue or chikungunya; 1 was IgM positive for Zika.

CONCLUSION:

there was an outbreak of microcephaly in Piauí, possibly related to infection during pregnancy Zika virus.

Palavras-chave : Microcephaly; Zika Virus Infection; Epidemiology, Descriptive.

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