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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

versión impresa ISSN 1679-4974versión On-line ISSN 2337-9622

Resumen

GONCALVES, Vivian Siqueira Santos et al. Food intake and underweight markers in children under 6 months old monitored via the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System, Brazil, 2015. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2019, vol.28, n.2, e2018358.  Epub 24-Jun-2019. ISSN 1679-4974.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/s1679-49742019000200012.

Objective:

to investigate the frequency of exclusive breastfeeding, early introduction of other foods and association with prevalence of low weight in Brazilian children.

Methods:

we analyzed records of children under 6 months of age held on the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System for the year 2015; associations were investigated through Poisson Regression.

Results:

we found prevalence of 56.1% (95%CI 55.3;56.8) for exclusive breastfeeding, 8.1% (95%CI 7.7;8.5) for low weight for age, and 5.7% (95%CI 5.3;6.7) for low BMI for age; water or teas and infant formulas were the earliest foods introduced; underweight prevalence was lower (PR=0.73 - 95%CI 0.61;0.87) as was prevalence of low BMI (PR=0.69 - 95%CI 0.56;0.85) among exclusively breastfed infants; infant formula intake was associated with low weight (PR=1.35 - 95%CI 1.15;1.58).

Conclusion:

the importance of exclusive breastfeeding for adequate growth in the first 6 months of life was reinforced.

Palabras clave : Breast Feeding; Bottle Feeding; Nutritional Status; Nutritional Surveillance.

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