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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

Print version ISSN 1679-4974On-line version ISSN 2237-9622


MALTA, Juliane Maria Alves Siqueira  and  RAMALHO, Walter Massa. Increase in Guillain-Barré syndrome hospitalizations in Brazil: an ecological study. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2020, vol.29, n.4, e2020056.  Epub Aug 21, 2020. ISSN 1679-4974.


to describe the demographic characteristics and the spatio-temporal dynamics of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) hospitalizations in Brazil between 2008 and 2017.


this is an ecological study using data from the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian National Health System (SIH/SUS); GBS hospitalization rates were calculated and a control diagram was built; natural break ranges were used in the spatial analysis.


15,512 GBS hospitalizations were recorded during the study period; between 2008-2014 there were 1,344 hospitalizations per year on average, in the following year (2015), 1,953 hospitalizations were registered, representing an increase of 45% in relation to the average of previous years; GBS hospitalizations reached an epidemic level in the Northeast region in 2015 and 2016.


GBS hospitalizations increased with effect from 2015, following the introduction of chikungunya virus and the rapid spread of Zika virus in Brazil.

Keywords : Guillain-Barre Syndrome; Hospitalization; Epidemiology; Brazilian National Health System; Ecological Studies.

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