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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

Print version ISSN 1679-4974On-line version ISSN 2237-9622


MACIEL, Ethel Leonor et al. Factors associated with COVID-19 hospital deaths in Espírito Santo, Brazil, 2020. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2020, vol.29, n.4, e2020413.  Epub Sep 21, 2020. ISSN 1679-4974.


To analyze factors associated with the deaths of individuals hospitalized with COVID-19 in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil.


This was a cross-sectional study using secondary data. Logistic regression models were used to estimate crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR).


As at May 14, 2020, 200 individuals had been discharged and 220 had died. Of the total number of people studied, 57.1% were male, 46.4% were >60 years old, 57.9% were cases notified by a private institution, and 61.7% had >1 comorbidity. In the adjusted analysis, hospital mortality was higher for the 51-60 age group (OR=4.33 – 95%CI 1.50;12.46), the over 60 age group (OR=11.84 – 95%CI 4.31;32.54), cases notified by public institutions (OR=8.23 – 95%CI 4.84;13.99) and cases with a greater number of comorbidities (two [OR=2.74 – 95%CI 1.40;5.34] and three [OR=2.90 – 95%CI 1.07;7.81]).


Higher mortality was found in older individuals, those with comorbidities and users of public hospitals.

Keywords : Coronavirus Infections; Hospitalization; Health Status Disparities; Cross-Sectional Studies; Epidemics.

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