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Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde

versão On-line ISSN 2176-6223


RANGEL, Marcio Ferreira. Costa Lima and the campaign against yellow fever in the States of Rio de Janeiro and Pará, Brazil. Rev Pan-Amaz Saude [online]. 2010, vol.1, n.1, pp.19-26. ISSN 2176-6223.

After the confirmation of the role of insects in disease transmission, a "school of entomologists" was soon developed in Manguinhos. The foundations of this school were undoubtedly outlined by Oswaldo Cruz, who acquired, at the Institut Pasteur, in Paris, the fundamental knowledge which enabled him to study the Culicidae even though he had not been an expert in entomology. Costa Lima's strong relationship with Manguinhos and Oswaldo Cruz is closely linked to the beginning of his career, since his first contact with entomological research occurs in this Institute, and through its director. Graduated in Medical Sciences in 1910, he soon left the position of academic auxiliary of federal services in public health he held as a student, to be part, as a health inspector, of the commission organized by Oswaldo Cruz to fight yellow fever in Pará State. In Belém, and especially in the municipalities of Santarém and Óbidos, Costa Lima had his first opportunity to approach the entomological research by studying the bionomics of Culicidae. In a relatively short time, he became an important scientist, standing out as one of the most notable entomologists in Brazil.

Palavras-chave : History of Science; Costa Lima; Yellow Fever; Entomology; Biography.

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