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Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde

versão impressa ISSN 2176-6223versão On-line ISSN 2176-6223

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AZEVEDO, Raimunda do Socorro da Silva et al. Pathogenesis of the Ilheus virus in golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus). Rev Pan-Amaz Saude [online]. 2010, vol.1, n.1, pp.73-80. ISSN 2176-6223.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S2176-62232010000100011.

The pathogenesis of the Ilheus flavivirus (Flaviviridae) was investigated in golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) using an inoculum of 9.8 LD50 via intraperitoneal (IP). For ten days, two infected and one control animals were anesthetized, and blood and viscera fragments (brain, liver, heart, lung, spleen and kidneys) were collected on a daily basis for determination of viral titers in newborn mice and antigens/antibody by complement fixation and hemagglutination inhibition tests. Additionally, the pathology of animal tissues was studied by the the hematoxylin and eosin method, viral antigens were detected by immunochemistry, and all collected viscera showed histopathological changes. Large amounts of ILHV antigens were detected by immunohistochemistry in the brain, and in lower quantities in the liver, spleen and kidneys, corroborating with newborn viral titers in them. This inoculum resulted in a fatal outcome of all infected animals seven days after experimentation. Viral antigens were not found in the heart and lungs, suggesting that the viral titers obtained were caused by viremia and not by viral damage. The information in this study confirms the neurotropism and neuropathogenicity of ILHV.

Palavras-chave : Ilheus Virus; Flavivirus; Encephalitis Arbovirus; Virulence; Models Animal.

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