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Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde

On-line version ISSN 2176-6223

Abstract

CARVALHO, Raimundo Gladson Corrêa et al. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of Serratia marcescens from a Neonatal Unit in Belém, Pará State, Brazil. Rev Pan-Amaz Saude [online]. 2010, vol.1, n.1, pp.101-106. ISSN 2176-6223.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S2176-62232010000100015.

Serratia marcescens has been reported as an important agent of health care-related infections and has been highlighted for presenting a high level of intrinsic resistance to antimicrobials used in neonatology, besides persisting in hospital environments for long periods. In this work, S. marcescens was recovered from colonies in the gastrointestinal tract or late sepsis in newborn infants hospitalized in a Neonatal Unit in Belém. The identification of S. marcescens and the sensitivity test was carried out using a Vitek (BioMérieux) automated system; susceptibility to ertapenem was assessed using e-test strips (Oxoid). Genotyping was executed by ERIC-PCR using the primers ERIC1 (5'-TGAATCCCCAGGAGCTTACAT-3') and ERIC2 (5'-AAGTAAGTGACTGGGGTGAGCG-3'). Twenty-two strains of S. marcescens were recovered: 15 from hemocultures and 7 from surveillance (rectal swab culture). All presented resistance to ampicillin, ampicillin-sulbactam, gentamicin and cephalothin. There were no indications of resistance to ciprofloxacin, imipenem, meropenem or ertapenem. The susceptibility profiles varied for other antibiotics. Eleven amplification patterns by ERIC-PCR were obtained, and two were shared by 14 isolates. It was possible to observe a characteristic polymorphic pattern in the strains from gastrointestinal colonization, except for two cases, which presented genotypic patterns related to cases of sepsis. The data obtained in this work confirm the high level of resistance of S. marcescens against antimicrobials; however, all isolates displayed sensitivity to ciprofloxacin and carbapenemics. Antibiogram and ERIC-PCR typing suggest a dispersion of clones associated with colonization or sepsis among the wards of the Neonatal Unit in the surveyed hospital.

Keywords : Serratia marcescens; Bacterial Typing Techniques; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Bacterial Drug Resistance.

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