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Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde

versão On-line ISSN 2176-6223

Resumo

ARAGAO, Glicélia Cruz et al. Molecular characterization of norovirus, sapovirus and astrovirus in children with acute gastroenteritis from Belém, Pará, Brazil. Rev Pan-Amaz Saude [online]. 2010, vol.1, n.1, pp.149-158. ISSN 2176-6223.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S2176-62232010000100021.

The importance of norovirus (NoVs), sapovirus (SaVs) and human astrovirus (HAstVs) as causes of gastroenteritis outbreaks are already well-defined, but a few studies have described sporadic cases of acute gastroenteritis caused by these viral entities. The aim of this study was to determine the role of these viruses in the etiology of acute gastroenteritis in children enrolled to participate in hospital - and emergency department - based intensive surveillance carried out in Belém, Brazil, from March to September 2003. A total of 305 stool specimens from patients with severe gastroenteritis were collected and screened by reverse transcription followed by polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), using the specific primers Mon 269 and Mon 270 for HAstVs, p289 and p290 for human calicivirus (HuCVs), and Mon 431/433 and Mon 432/434 for NoVs. Sequencing of RT-PCR HAstV, HuCVs and NoVs amplicons was carried out using the same primers. Of the 305 samples tested, 96 (31.5%) were positive, with 51 diagnosed as HuCVs, 40 as HAstVs and five as mixed infections. Of the 56 (18.4%) HuCVs sequenced, 30 were NoVs (9.8%) of genogroups GI-4 and GII-4, and 15 (4.9%) were SaVs of types GI-1, GI-2 and GII-1. HAstVs, including genotypes 1, 8 and 2, were detected in 45 (14.7%) samples. This study has highlighted the importance of these viruses as causes of acute gastroenteritis and established the circulation of different genotypes during the study period. These results reinforce the need for establishing an intensive surveillance for gastroenteritis caused by these viruses to assess the burden of disease and to monitor the circulation of genotypes.

Palavras-chave : Norovirus; Sapovirus; Human; Astrovirus; Gastroenteritis; Molecular Sequence Data.

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