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Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde

On-line version ISSN 2176-6223

Abstract

LINHARES, Jairo Fernando Pereira; HORTEGAL, Elane Viana; RODRIGUES, Maria Ivanilde de Araujo  and  SILVA, Paulo Sérgio Siberti da. Ethnobotany of the main medicinal plants commercialized in fairs and markets of São Luis, Maranhão State, Brazil. Rev Pan-Amaz Saude [online]. 2014, vol.5, n.3, pp.39-46. ISSN 2176-6223.

This study aimed to characterize the profile medicinal plant traders regarding the parts used, preparation methods and ways of obtaining plants, and find out the species with highest concordance quotes of use in the main selling points of medicinal plants in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil. As methodological procedures were applied semi-structured questionnaires and a specific formula i of the consensus value of species to determine their relative importance. It was discovered that the acquisition of knowledge about medicinal plants occurs mainly by the most experienced marketers and the ones who buy plants from third party sellers. The leaf is the most used part of the plant. The main ways to the use of the ethnospecies were: as anti-inflammatory, for gastritis and as sedative and its most common methods of preparation were tea and bath. The ethnospecies with the greatest agreement of use were: Myracrodruon urundeua Fr. All., Copaifera langsdorfii Desf., Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth., Himatanthus spp. and Ximenia americana L.

Keywords : Ethnobotany; Plants, Medicinal; Medicine, Traditional.

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