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Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde

versión impresa ISSN 2176-6215versión On-line ISSN 2176-6223

Resumen

ABRAAO, Luciano Sami de Oliveira et al. Epidemiological profile of American cutaneous leishmaniasis cases in Pará State, Brazil, between 2008 and 2017. Rev Pan-Amaz Saude [online]. 2020, vol.11, e202000612.  Epub 18-Nov-2020. ISSN 2176-6215.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/s2176-6223202000612.

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the epidemiological profile of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) cases in Pará State, Brazil, from 2008 to 2017.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A quantitative and retrospective study was carried out with data from the Information System on Diseases of Compulsory Declaration (SINAN) on notified cases of ATL. The data were grouped according to age, sex, race/color, and municipality of residence. Statistical analyzes were performed using BioEstat v5.3 software, applying the chi-square and p-value < 0.05. To make the map, TabWin v.4.15 was used.

RESULTS:

A total of 34,609 confirmed cases were reported. The incidence was 43.89 cases/100,000 inhabitants. There was a predominance of males (79.88%), aged between 20 to 39 years (48.82%), and brown-skinned people (71.77%). There was a significant occurrence in women, children under 10 years old, and elderly people. The cutaneous form was predominant in 97.39% of the cases, and 72.19% evolved to cure.

CONCLUSION:

ACL is still a serious public health problem in Pará, with a high incidence in the population. The spatial distribution of cases is not homogeneous in the State, having a greater concentration in areas distant from the capital, Belém. It is suggested the existence of peri and intra-household transmission related to the incidence of the disease in children under 10 years old and in elderly people.

Palabras clave : American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis; Epidemiological Monitoring; Spatial Distribution.

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